Current Content
Volume 48 - Number 1
January/February 2022


Health Risks of Electronic Display Devices and Safety Practice Awareness Level among Children: Effect of a Health Educational Program

Seham Mohammed Elmwafie

Purpose: To explore health risks of electronic display devices and safety practice awareness level among children and the effect of a health education program.

Design and Methods: A quasi-experimental study design was used. A simple random sample of 300 children and 120 parents was selected from two schools and one pediatric outpatient clinics affiliated to Beni-Suef city. Data were collected using an interview questionnaire and a self-administered knowledge assessment questionnaire to test the level of awareness among children and their parents regarding the health risks of electronic devices and safety practices pre- and post-implementation of the health education program.

Results: More than two-thirds of children reported vision problems (72%), social isolation (66.6%), sleep disturbance (65.5%), and pain (60.5%) as a result of using the electronic devices. Additionally, the findings showed that the children scored a low mean (2.76 ± 1.7; 0.616 ± 0.86) of knowledge regarding the health risks of electronic devices and safety practices respectively pre-program implementation. The mean and standard deviation of total scores increased (7.58 ± 2.1; 13.03 ± 2.2) post-program; there was a highly statistically significant improvement (p = 0.001).

Conclusion: The education program had positive effects, heightening awareness among children regarding the use of electronic display devices, health risks, and safety practices.

Implications for Practice: Greater awareness is needed regarding the danger of using electronic devices on child health. Pediatric nurses can educate children, parents, and teachers about safe practices while using these devices.