Current Content
Volume 43 - Number 2
March/April 2017

Deformational Plagiocephaly: A Review
Kanlaya Ditthakasem and John C. Kolar

Deformational plagiocephaly (DP) is a common condition and the leading cause of head shape abnormalities in infants. It is characterized by asymmetrical distortion of the skull resulting from external forces on the back of the head. DP has become more prevalent in infants and has increased dramatically since the introduction in 1994 of the “Back to Sleep” campaign. Management of this condition is not often covered by insurance, and can be costly and lengthy; However, DP can be prevented. Early recognition and management can make a significant difference in patientsí outcomes and reduce the cost of treatment. Nurses play a key role in recognition and prevention, are instrumental in educating parents and caregivers, and have a significant impact on preventing and reducing the risk of DP. Current systematic approaches to clinical assessment, diagnosis, and management strategies of DP can help nurses who care for infants and their families understand DP and take the necessary steps to prevent it.